Health 14 January 2022

The Difference Between Robotic Surgery and Laparoscopy that Needs to be Understood

In the past, it was only known as open surgery in the world of health, then it developed into laparoscopy, now robotic surgery has come. Robotic surgery or Robotic Surgery is the latest surgical method that patients can choose. This new technology allows the operation process to be performed more quickly and efficiently in surgery.

Also Read: The First Robotic Prostatectomy Surgery in Indonesia, at RSU Bunda Jakarta

Get to know more about Robotic Surgery

Robotic surgery is a surgical technique performed with a special tool, namely a robotic arm. However, this procedure is not entirely carried out by robots but is still controlled by the surgeon. This system does not act alone but is driven by the control of a doctor. With the help of robots, the surgical process can be performed with great precision and flexibility. So, every action and decision will still be in the hands of the doctor.

Robotic Surgery is an alternative to conventional and laparoscopic techniques. In addition, Robotic Surgery is also used as a support when doctors perform operations using traditional methods. The essential components in this technique are two mechanical components, namely the robot arm and the controlling computer. This robotic arm is used as an extension of the doctor's arm, and it can move left and right and rotate, so it is very flexible.

While the control computer is used by the surgeon to view the operated body part through the screen. Controlling the robot arm is done using a console in a handle or joystick. Currently, this method has been carried out in almost all medical fields, such as urology, gynecology, and thorax. With this advanced surgical system, operations can be performed better to minimize the pain and bleeding experienced by the patient.

Difference between Robotic Surgery and Laparoscopy

Before the advent of robotic surgery, the healthcare world used laparoscopy, a method of operation using a device inserted into the human body. These two methods look similar, but they have the following differences:

1. Tool Movement

Laparoscopy is a surgical method using a tool that is inserted into the human body. This tool can move left and right according to the surgeon's direction, while robotic surgery uses a robotic arm to enter the patient's body so that it can reach the part you want to operate on. The movement is more flexible, like the movement of the human hand.

2. Control of Blood Vessel Flow

In the robotic arm method, the patient's blood vessel flow will be controlled with the Firefly system to minimize bleeding during the procedure. In the laparoscopic method, there is no such control system.

3. Patient Recovery

The recovery of patients undergoing laparoscopy is faster than conventional surgical methods, but the Robotic Surgery system has a quicker recovery rate.

This is because the patient's pain level during robotic surgery is lower. In addition, it is also able to reduce infections and reduce blood loss so that recovery is faster and the death rate is lower.

4. Lower Risk of Death

RSU Bunda has used robotic surgery technology in more than 50 cases. With more precise surgery and flexible robotic arms, the patient's bleeding is minimized and lowers the risk of illness and death.

Surgery using robotic arms is now the choice of many patients, and more and more certified doctors can do it. However, robotic surgery still prioritizes the surgeon's views, not just based on technology.

Also Read: Knowing 3 Types of Heart Surgery at Bunda Heart Center

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