Pay Attention to These 3 Things if You Want to Have Laparoscopic Cyst Surgery
Ovarian cyst disease is not always dangerous because in some cases it can heal without treatment. However, treatment must be done immediately if the size tends to get bigger and causes symptoms. One method of treating ovarian cysts is to perform laparoscopic surgery, an invasive surgical technique in the form of small incisions in the abdominal wall. This method is often used as an alternative to avoid surgical removal of the uterus.
This surgical technique uses the help of cameras, monitors, and other special instruments to more easily monitor the condition of the patient's stomach. Although it has many advantages over conventional surgery, there are some things that must be considered before undergoing laparoscopic cyst surgery.
Things to Pay Attention to Regarding Laparoscopic Ovarian Cyst Surgery
Laparoscopic surgery is generally used to treat disorders or health problems in the abdomen and pelvis, including ovarian cysts. The disease that is a scourge for women must be treated immediately so that it does not get worse and enlarge. However, before undergoing surgery, there are several things that you should pay attention to, here are some of them.
1. Preparation Before Surgery
Before undergoing surgery, you should avoid taking blood-thinning medications, such as heparin, warfarin, aspirin, or the like. In addition, do not smoke and drink alcohol when you want to perform laparoscopic surgery. In some cases, the doctor will first scan the pelvic organs and ask the patient to fast for 8 to 12 hours before surgery. Tell your doctor if you have a history of diseases, such as lung, liver, or heart disease. In addition, women who are pregnant should tell the doctor to prevent things that are not desirable. Investigations may also be needed, such as chest X-ray, CT scan, ultrasound, MRI and electrocardiogram (ECG).
2. Laparoscopic Surgery Process
Laparoscopic surgery is performed by a surgeon with the help of an anesthesiologist to treat ovarian cysts. The patient will be asked to urinate first one hour before the operation to empty the urine. After the patient is anesthetized, there are several things the surgeon will do.
- Trim pubic hair
- Clean the stomach using a special antiseptic
- Installing a respirator
- Inserting a catheter into the bladder through the urethra
- Perform a pelvic exam before inserting a cannula (thin tube) into the uterus through the vagina. The cannula is used to move the uterus and ovaries so that the process of examining the abdominal cavity is clearer.
After preparations are made, the surgeon will make a small incision below the belly button to insert the laparoscope. This tool is a thin tube equipped with a camera at the end. A laparoscope is used to make it easier for doctors to find cysts. Once found, the doctor will make several incisions to insert small tools and remove the cyst. All special instruments are removed when the procedure is complete and the incision is closed with sutures. The doctor will also put a bandage on the area so it is not easily scratched and infected.
3. After Laparoscopic Surgery
After the operation is completed, the patient can usually go straight home without having to be hospitalized. You may experience some postoperative symptoms, such as abdominal pain, dizziness, and nausea. However, these symptoms are quite normal so there is no need to worry. To speed up the recovery process, you should consume lots of vegetables and other healthy foods so that the stitches dry quickly. You can do light activity and walk to prevent blood clots from forming.
Well, for women who have ovarian cysts do not need to worry. Through this laparoscopic surgery, it is very likely that ovarian cysts can be treated without having to remove the uterus.