Robotic Surgery vs Conventional Surgery, Which is Better?
Robotic surgery is a surgical technique that utilizes the help of a robot. The robot is an arm that will replace the doctor's hand on the operating table. The team of doctors and other medical teams are still involved in treating patients. This medical technique has many advantages. Starting from the level of accuracy, pain reduction, small incisions, faster patient recovery, and so on. This technique is an innovation from ordinary operations. In the process, this is a surgery performed by a doctor through a computer system. While the robotic arm will execute the patient according to the doctor's orders. So, the robot does not move automatically.
Components Needed in Robotic Surgery
Robotic surgery can be performed as an alternative to open or conventional surgery and laparoscopy. Not only that, it can also be implemented as a support in the conventional version. Requires components in the form of a computer controller and a robotic arm. The controlling computer is used by the surgeon to view the patient's body part to be operated on through the screen. Then, the computer becomes an intermediary to control the robotic arm.
Specifically, the robotic arm is operated via a console in the form of a handle or joystick. Computers are also useful for controlling the functions of other surgical instruments via the control panel, such as camera focus and the precision of robotic arm movements. The robotic arm component has the task of acting as an extension of the surgeon's arm. The tool is equipped with a camera that is useful for taking 3-dimensional (3D) images of the operated body part.
Robotic surgery is usually carried out in a minimally invasive surgical procedure, which is an action performed through small incisions. So the size of the incision can be smaller than through regular surgery. Through this advanced procedure, surgeons can perform difficult and complex surgical processes more easily. Doctors can see body parts and operate more closely through computers and robotic arms.
This type of surgery can be performed in a variety of surgical procedures. Starting from heart bypass, cancer, gallbladder removal, hip replacement, hysterectomy, kidney removal, kidney transplant, heart valve, radical cystectomy to tubectomy. With various advantages, this type of surgery also has risks. However, the surgeon will consider the benefits and risks according to the patient's condition so that the full effectiveness of the related medical action will be obtained.
Advantages of Robotic Surgery over Conventional Surgery
The main advantages of this surgery are less pain and faster recovery. Recovery time is not even more than a week. While the usual action generally takes one month. At first, not many people knew about this type of surgery. However, robotic surgery in recent years has begun to be in demand. Besides being more effective, this procedure is cheaper when performed in a domestic hospital.
This action is considered more effective, efficient, and beneficial for the patient because it reduces incision wounds and increases accuracy and high accuracy. This type of surgery is also claimed to reduce the risk of injury. This is based on the ability of the robotic arm to reach areas that are difficult for the surgeon to see on the operating table. Through a computer, the doctor can see the area more closely.
Another advantage is being able to minimize postoperative trauma. Robotic surgery was first presented in Indonesia by RSU Bunda Jakarta. All actions taken were in accordance with procedures. Cases that have been treated include myomas, endometriosis cysts, prostate, uterine lift, uterine cancer and bowel surgery.
Technological developments in the health sector continue to increase. One of the new technologies in the health sector is robotic surgery. The purpose of this technological development is to provide more effective and efficient medical procedures.