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Blog 27 August 2021

Get to know 3 types of heart surgery at Bunda Heart Center

The heart is one of the most vital organs in the body, so heart surgery is sometimes necessary to treat disorders of this organ. The heart has the function of pumping blood throughout the body, so that nutrients and oxygen carried by the blood can be distributed to all organs. However, what happens if your blood-pumping organ is impaired? Of course the consequences can be fatal. Damage to the failure of this organ function can cause various diseases and even death. Starting from heart attacks, coronary heart disease, arrhythmias, cardiomyopathy, and several other conditions. The disease needs to be treated quickly and appropriately in order to recover.

BMHS (Bundamedik Healthcare System) through the Bunda Heart Center service unit provides 3 types of cardiac surgical procedures to treat patients, including coronary artery bypass graft surgery, valve repair or replacement surgery, and surgery for congenital heart defects. The following is a complete explanation of the 3 types of heart surgery

1. Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Cardiac Surgery
This surgical procedure is also known as vascular bypass surgery. Blood vessel bypass surgery is performed by creating new blood vessels. Due to blockage in old blood vessels, blood flow becomes not smooth and triggers many disorders in other organs. Coronary artery bypass graft surgery is performed in patients with coronary heart disease. Coronary arteries are one of the important parts that can be blocked or narrowed. If these vessels cannot function properly, a transplant from a blood vessel to another part of the body is required.

This blood vessel bypass surgery procedure is usually recommended for patients with coronary heart disease with more than one blood vessel constriction so that the work of the left ventricle of the heart is disrupted. In addition, conditions of blockage of arteries that cannot be treated with lumen widening procedures are also recommended for this type of surgery. Procedures in the elderly usually have a greater postoperative risk.

2. Heart Surgery Valve Repair or Replacement
Other types of surgical procedures on the heart organs are valve repair or replacement surgery or heart valve repair/replacement surgery. The heart is divided into 4 chambers with limiting valves that must be tightly closed. These valves allow blood to flow in one direction. If there is a leak in the valve, it will result in back and forth blood flow, so that blood flow does not work as it should. Heart valve disease occurs when there is malfunction due to not being able to close or open completely, which causes blood flow to be disrupted. To overcome this, it is necessary to repair or replace the valve through surgery.

3. Congenital Heart Abnormalities Surgery
There are many types of heart disorders, one of which is congenital heart disease (CHD). As the name implies, CHD is a disorder that has been present since birth. The condition of CHD causes disturbances in blood flow. The flow disturbance can certainly be fatal, so it must receive intensive treatment early on. This condition causes various effects, so the handling also needs to be adjusted to the circumstances. The heart is in charge of pumping blood to and from the body. There are dirty and clean blood streams occupying the heart chambers separately. If there is a leak, of course, it can cause mixing of the flow. This has a fatal impact on the heart and body. Some cases of CHD only require routine monitoring, while in some cases surgical procedures or even transplantation are required.

All forms of heart problems require maximum treatment, including surgery. Through the Bunda Heart Center owned by BMHS (Bundamedik Healthcare System), you can get maximum heart surgery procedures for a speedy recovery.

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